Anxiety: Anxiety is a normal part of our life. However, anxiety can become problematic when it begins to interfere our daily living, especially impairing us to fully commit to our values. Anxiety disorders are characterised by persistent and excessive worrying and fear. See below some different forms of Anxiety:
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder: Excessive worry about a number of areas of our lives including relationships, health, job, finances.
- Panic Disorder: A panic attack is usually described as a sudden escalating surge of extreme fear.
Some people portray the experience of panic as ‘sheer terror’. Individuals experience recurrent and unexpected panic attacks, which are followed by persistent concern about having another panic attack or concern about the implications of the panic attacks (e.g. that they are going to die or go mad).
- Social Phobia: It is an anxious state when people feel being judged or evaluated by others in case they do something humiliating or show obvious symptoms of anxiety. The anxiety usually leads to avoidance of certain situations (e.g. eating, speaking, or writing in front of others, social gatherings).
- Specific Phobias: It is a persistent and irrational fear of a particular object or situation, leading to avoidance of object or situations.
Depression: Depression is considered to be a disorder of mood. People who experience depression, describe a low mood which has persisted longer than two weeks. Usually, this low mood is accompanied by low motivation, loss of interest on activities that before were pleasurable/enjoyable, low energy levels, problems with memory and concentration, low self-esteem, pessimism, decrease or increase on appetite and change on sleep patterns.
Anger: People who have difficulties controlling their temper and low tolerance of frustrations. Anger usually goes hand-in-hand with other feelings too, such as sadness, shame, hurt, guilt, or fear. Many times people find it hard to express these feelings, so just the anger comes out. Anger is also express through irritability and it is caused by the belief that life is unfair and therefore someone has violated our strong internal standards of behaviour.
Trauma: Trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one’s ability to cope, or integrate the emotions involved with that experience. A traumatic event involves one’s experience, or repeating events of being overwhelmed that can be precipitated in weeks, years, or even decades as the person struggles to cope with the immediate circumstances, eventually leading to serious, long-term negative consequences.
Relationships: Some individuals experience difficulties on their interpersonal relationships such as marriage, family, friendships, workplace, etc. Therefore, finding a balance on the way we relate to others can be crucial for a healthy wellbeing.
Self Esteem: Difficulties to balance your self-confidence can lead to self-doubts and self-worth fears.
Parenting: Some parents find the parenthood job a struggle, especially with challenging children. Such difficulties can result to divorce, family disputes and children with significant emotional issues.